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  • TicoNET Real Estate - Costa Rica Real Estate
    of properties in Costa Rica The country s national territory is 51 100 square kilometers which makes it about half the size of Kentucky or slightly larger than Switzerland But unlike those landlocked places Costa Rica has two coasts which means ample marine attractions complement its terrestrial assets Most of the 755 miles of coastline in Costa Rica are on the Pacific coast where three peninsulas add to its contours and frequent rocky points divide it into countless beaches The Caribbean coast is comparatively short with remarkably straight palm lined beaches that stretch as far as the eye can see TicoNET Real Estate helps you find Costa Rica real estate listings in the exciting Pacific and Caribbean coasts in Costa Rica Costa Rica is a popular country among North Americans and Europeans Its stable government wonderful weather and premium real estate are appreciated by all Why not obtain the assistance of Costa Rica Real Estate Board agents who will help purchase property Foreign citizens are entitled to own real estate in Costa Rica directly or via local corporations and free of legal impediments The legal procedures to register real estate in Costa Rica are enhanced by services provided by Stewart Title Latin America and other companies TicoNET Real Estate will help you find the best Costa Rica real estate Brochures Costa Rica Accommodations Adobe Acrobat document Costa Rica Business 1 2 3 4 Adobe Acrobat documents Costa Rica Map Adobe Acrobat document Costa Rica Services Adobe Acrobat document Meetings and Incentives Guide I Adobe Acrobat document Meetings and Incentives Guide II Adobe Acrobat document Documents Government Contracting Provides a brief description on how individuals or companies may obtain contracts with the Costa Rica government Adobe Acrobat document Investor s Guide Learn about general instructions establish a business national registry and

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  • TicoNET Real Estate - Costa Rica
    Infrastructure is constantly improving and savvy investors may be able to take advantage of future improvements CAFTA or the Central American Free Trade Agreement is a trade agreement between Central American nations and the United States The agreement is similar to NAFTA an agreement between the US Canada and Mexico which was enacted in 1994 Costa Rica accepted CAFTA in November 2007 following a national vote CAFTA will lead to increases in American investment in Costa Rica because it will encourage Costa Rica to allow private companies to freely compete with the current government monopoly on utilities American businesses will feel safe investing in Central America because CAFTA will protect their interests under the rules of free trade CAFTA will also lead to further improvements in infrastructure as a result of the competition for contracts that is a natural result of free trade Costa Rica s current government has emphasized the importance of improving infrastructure Testaments from visitors who had not been to Costa Rica in years are full of amazement at how much the roads have already improved in such a short time and these types of improvement will only accelerate in the near future Two major highway projects are currently underway which will make both Guanacaste and the Central Pacific Coast more accessible Marina s exist along the Pacific Coast and more are in the works There are also plans for a new modern terminal in the Liberia airport in Guanacaste which will allow visitors and residents to avoid traveling to the central valley before arriving at their destinations Costa Rica has long been seen as a natural treasure which boasts more than one million tourist visits each year The country located in Central America is an isthmus where life seems to have created its roots and natural beauty has no limits Covering only 0 03 percent of the planet s surface Costa Rica has approximately 6 percent of the world s biodiversity Breathtaking scenic beauty a consolidated system of protected areas social and political stability high educational levels and efficient infrastructure and services best describe Costa Rica The country s strategic position in the heart of the Western Hemisphere as well as the governmental and political stability make Costa Rica an ideal place to visit and establish commercial operations that may include industries centered on security such as business warranty and home insurance among others Costa Rica is a peaceful country proud of its prosperous democracy respect for human rights and stable political system With an unmatched blend of rich biodiversity friendly culture and tranquil setting visitors to this country will find friendly faces and an abundance of activities to satisfy all tastes Costa Rica s facilities and convenient tourist amenities make it the ultimate travel destination Many flights arriving in Costa Rica land at Juan Santamaría International Airport tel 443 2682 16 km 10 miles north of downtown San José From New York flights to San José are 5 1 2 hours via Miami from Los

    Original URL path: http://www.ticonet.co.cr/costa-rica/index.html (2015-06-03)
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  • TicoNET Real Estate - Costa Rica FAQs
    Nevertheless while much more reasonable than in the US medicine and treatment here can be expensive therefore we highly recommend insurance Should I bring my own bottled water No it is not necessary to bring water from your home Water is usually safe in San Jose and the highlands Where you have to be the most careful is on the coasts Bottled water is also readily available at most hotels as well as corner stores and super markets Is it safe to rent a car Is it safe to drive at night In the past there have been repeated incidents of rented cars being broken into and a few cases of bandits flagging down cars and assaulting the occupants Rented vehicles are identifies by special license plates and a sticker therefore becoming an easy target So to answer the question no it is not safe but preventive measures can insure your safety and the vehicles When in San Jose always park the car in a parking lot and never leave suitcases camera equipment jackets or anything interesting in the car When out of town be sure to ask at the hotels if their parking lot has a guard and if not where the safest place to leave it is As far as driving at night goes the Caribbean side is the place where there have been the most problems These have taken place on the road which goes through Braulio Carrillo National Park and on the road that goes from Limon to Cahuita To date we have not heard of this happening anywhere else If you apply the same rules as you would in an area of questionable security in the United State you shouldn t have any trouble Get off the road and to your next overnight station as early as possible Don t stop for anyone flagging you down on the road If a traffic cop wants to give you a ticket take the ticket don t offer a bribe or hand out any cash as payment for the ticket What are road conditions like In Town San José is notorious for its narrow streets complicated one way grid system heavy traffic and crater like pot holes Familiarity with a San Jose road map ahead of time can be quite helpful Be sure to talk to your hotel receptionist or car rental agent before you go so that you are as oriented as possible before you venture out Also be aware that here in San Jose we give directions by using land marks such as From the Strangler Fig we all know which strangler fig they re talking about 100 meters north and 200 meters east When this happens ask the person if they can give you the address by streets calles and avenues avenidas Most of the time they will be able to tell you but sometimes people just don t know what the street address is We really didn t start to learn how to give

    Original URL path: http://www.ticonet.co.cr/costa-rica/faqs.html (2015-06-03)
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  • TicoNET Real Estate - Costa Rica - People
    Human Rights the International Development Bank and the Earth Council Costa Rica s first university was established in 1843 although in the early years many of the coffee barons still preferred to send their children to Europe They brought back European ideas and a taste for fine art and music that continues to this day In fact the construction of the National Theater the country s premier architectural showpiece which was completed in 1897 was financed largely through export tax on coffee Free compulsory education was establish in 1917 Today children must attend school until the end of the 9th grade after which many scholarships and grants are available for continuing education Respect for the dignity of all human beings is a Costa Rican reality Slavery was abolished in 1823 the last execution held 1859 and capital punishment officially abolished in 1883 Women won the right to vote in 1949 Perhaps Costa Rica s racial tolerance comes from being a very heterogeneous population a mix of southern European Asian African and Indian American ancestry Historically an agricultural based economy people maintain close ties with the land owning even a small parcel is traditional Although rural in spirit Costa Ricans embrace high tech just notice the number of cellular phones and constantly look to the future San José was the third city in the third city in word to have electric lights p In the more consumer oriented Central Valley Costa Ricans seem pretty much like North Americans But strong traditions have forged a distinct national personality On your vacation be sure to make a Tico friend Costa Ricans love to eat First time visitors are always amazed at the proliferation of restaurants Discovering the scope and sophistication of the culinary arts will probably be one of the most delicious surprises of your Costa Rican vacation With farming conditions that range from hot humid lowlands to cool mountain slopes Costa Rica produces the full range of temperate and tropical foodstuffs Everything from shrimp to brook trout avocados to asparagus Add a cosmopolitan society whose citizens trace their heritage to dozens of European and Asian countries and Costa Rica is a natural culinary melting pot Be sure not to miss Costa Rica s own Tico fare is neither spicy nor in many respects unfamiliar It is built around the basic of rice beans corn vegetables meat chicken or fish and usually served corn tortillas Breakfast typically features a delicious mixture of rice and black beans know as gallo pinto which may be accompanied by eggs corn tortillas and sour cream Calorie counters may prefer a tropical fruit plate of papaya watermelon pineapple banana and in season mango or cantaloupe Casados popular at mid day are huge plates of white rice beans fried plantain salad cheese diced vegetables and your choice of meat chicken or fish Hearty soups are a favorite for dinner Commonly served desserts include caramel or coconut flan several types of pudding and a cake called tres leches The fresh

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  • TicoNET Real Estate - Costa Rica - Political Constitution
    the expenses incurred by political parties in accordance with the following provisions 1 The contribution shall be zero point nineteen percent 0 19 of the gross domestic product of two years before the holding of the elections for President Vice Presidents of the Republic and members of the Legislative Assembly The law shall determine the cases when a reduction of said percentage may be decided This percentage shall be allocated to cover the expenses incurred for the participation of political parties in these electoral processes and to satisfy the political organization and training needs Each political party shall fix the percentages corresponding to these items 2 The political parties that participate in the electoral processes indicated in this article and reach at least four percent 4 of the votes validly cast at national level or the parties registered at provincial level that obtain at least said percentage in the province or do elect at least a member to the Legislative Assembly shall be entitled to State contribution 3 Upon deposit of the appropriate bonds the political parties shall be entitled to a partial advance of the State contribution as determined by law 4 In order to receive support from the State parties are required to demonstrate their expenses before the Supreme Electoral Tribunal Private contributions to political parties shall be subject to the principle of publicity and shall be regulated by law The enactment and amendment of the law that establishes the procedures control means and other regulations for enforcement of this article shall require the vote of two thirds of the membership of the Legislative Assembly As amended by Article 1º Law No 7675 of July 2 1997 Article 97 For purposes of discussion and enactment of bills of law concerning electoral matters the Legislative Assembly shall consult the Supreme Electoral Tribunal requiring the vote of two thirds of the total membership to deviate from such opinion However within six months prior to and four months after a popular election is held the Legislative Assembly may not enact any law based on bills concerning matters about which the Supreme Electoral Tribunal had expressed disagreement Article 98 All citizens have the right to organize themselves in parties in order to participate in national politics provided that such parties are committed in their platforms to respect the constitutional order of the Republic Political parties shall express the political pluralism contribute to the formation and manifestation of popular will and be fundamental instruments for political participation Their creation and the exercise of their activities shall be free within respect to the Constitution and the law Their internal structure and operation shall be democratic As amended by Article 1º Law No 7675 of July 2 1997 Chapter III The Supreme Electoral Tribunal Article 99 The organization direction and supervision of acts pertaining to suffrage are the exclusive function of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal which does enjoy independence in the performance of its duties All other electoral organs are subordinate to the Tribunal Article 100 The Supreme Electoral Tribunal shall be ordinarily composed of three regular members and six alternates appointed by the Supreme Court of Justice by a vote of no less than two thirds of its members They shall have the same qualifications and be subject to the same responsibilities established for the justices that compose the Supreme Court From one year prior to and six months after the holding of general elections to elect the President of the Republic or the members of the Legislative Assembly the Supreme Electoral Tribunal shall increase the number of its members with two of its alternates in order to become a tribunal of five members to serve during that period of time When applicable the members of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal shall be subject to the working conditions and the minimum working day established by the Structural Law of the Judicial Branch for justices of the Appellate Chamber They shall also receive the same compensation fixed for those justices As amended by Law No 2345 May 20 1959 and Law No 3513 June 24 1965 Article 101 The members of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal shall hold office for a term of six years The term in office of one regular member and two alternates shall be renewed every two years but they may be reelected The justices of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal shall enjoy the same immunities and prerogatives that members of the Supreme Branches have As amended by Law No 3513 June 24 1965 Article 102 The Supreme Electoral Tribunal has the following functions 1 To convoke popular elections 2 To appoint the members of the Electoral Boards in accordance with the law 3 To interpret with exclusive and compulsory effect all constitutional and legal provisions on electoral matters 4 To hear the appeals against resolutions issued by the Civil Registry and the Electoral Boards 5 To investigate on its own or through delegates and render decisions on any claims made by parties as to political partiality of State officials in the performance of their duties or about the political activities conducted by officials who are prohibited to engage in them A verdict of guilty rendered by the Tribunal shall be compulsory grounds for removal and shall disqualify the wrongdoer to hold public offices for a term of no less than two years without prejudice of any criminal liability that may be established However if the investigation conducted includes charges against the President of the Republic Cabinet Ministers Diplomatic Ministers the Comptroller General or the Assistant Comptroller of the Republic or the justices of the Supreme Court the Tribunal shall report the findings of its investigation to the Legislative Assembly 6 To adopt with respect to the public force pertinent measures to assure that the elections are carried out under conditions of unrestricted freedom and guarantees In case that military recruitment is ordered the Tribunal may also adopt suitable measures to assure that the electoral process may not be disturbed in order that all citizens may freely cast their votes The Tribunal may enforce these measures on its own or through its designated delegates 7 To conduct the official count of the votes cast in the elections for President and Vice Presidents of the Republic members of the Legislative Assembly members of Municipal Governments and Representatives to Constitutional Assemblies 8 To issue the official declaration of the election of the President and Vice Presidents of the Republic within thirty days following the date of the election and that of the other officials mentioned in the foregoing subsection within the period established by law 9 Any other functions entrusted to it by this Constitution or by the laws Article 103 There is no appeal against the decisions of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal except for actions on the grounds of breach of public duty Article 104 The Civil Registry shall be exclusively under the jurisdiction of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal and its functions are 1 To keep the Main Register of Marital Status and prepare the lists of voters 2 To decide on applications to acquire or recover Costa Rican citizenship as well as cases of loss of nationality to enforce Court resolutions suspending citizenship and to issue a resolution on proceedings conducted to recover it The decisions rendered by the Civil Registry in accordance with the powers vested upon it by this subsection may be appealed to the Supreme Electoral Tribunal NOTE Article 16 of this Constitution as amended by Law No 7514 of June 6 1995 provides that Costa Rican nationality is not lost and cannot be waived 3 To issue identity cards 4 Any other powers vested in it by this Constitution and the laws Title IX The Legislative Branch Chapter I Organization of the Legislative Assembly Article 105 The power to legislate resides in the people which delegate this power by means of suffrage to the Legislative Assembly Such a power may not be waived or subject to limitations by any agreement or contract either directly or indirectly except in the case of treaties in accordance with the principles of International Law As amended by Law No 7128 August 18 1989 Article 106 The representatives have that character for the Nation and shall be elected by provinces The Assembly is composed of fifty seven representatives Every time that a general census of the population is conducted the Supreme Electoral Tribunal shall allocate to the provinces a number of representatives in proportion to their population As amended by subsection 2 of the single article of Law No 2741 May 12 1961 Article 107 Representatives shall hold office for four years and may not be reelected to a succeeding term Article 108 The requirements to become a representative are 1 To be a citizen in the exercise of his rights 2 To be a Costa Rican by birth or by naturalization with ten years of residence in the country after naturalization 3 To be at least twenty one years old Article 109 The following may not be elected representatives or registered as candidates for that office 1 The President of the Republic or anyone acting as such at the time of the election 2 Cabinet Ministers 3 The regular Justices of the Supreme Court of Justice 4 The regular members and alternates of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal and the Director of the Civil Registry Office 5 The military in active service 6 Those having jurisdiction or exercising civil or police authority over any province 7 Managers of autonomous institutions 8 Relatives of the person who is then holding office as President of the Republic to the second degree of consanguinity or affinity inclusive These incompatibilities shall affect anyone holding the aforesaid positions within six months prior to the date of the election Article 110 A representative is not liable for any opinions expressed at the Assembly During legislative sessions he cannot be arrested on civil grounds except by authorization of the Assembly or with the consent of the representative From the time he is declared elected as representative or as an alternate representative until expiration of his legal term in office he may not be deprived of his freedom on criminal grounds unless he has been previously suspended by the Assembly Such immunity does not apply in case of flagrante delicto or when the representative waives it Nevertheless a representative who has been arrested for flagrante delicto will be released if the Assembly so orders Article 111 After taking the oath of office no representative may accept any position or employment with other State Branches or autonomous institutions under penalty of losing his credentials except as a Cabinet Minister In this case he shall be reinstated in the Assembly when he is no longer in such position This prohibition does not apply to those appointed as members of international delegations or holding positions in charitable institutions or who are professors of the University of Costa Rica or other State institutions of higher education As amended by Law No 5697 June 9 1975 Article 112 The legislative function is also incompatible with the holding of any other public office of popular election Representatives may not enter into any contract with the State or its autonomous institutions directly or indirectly or through representation or obtain any concession of public property that may involve a privilege or serve as directors administrators or managers of enterprises which enter into contracts with the State for public works furnishing of supplies or operation of public utilities Violation of any of the prohibitions contained in this or the foregoing article shall result in the loss of the credentials as representative The same shall occur to the representative who violates any of these provisions while serving as a Cabinet Minister Article 113 The law shall fix the compensation of representatives as well as any technical and administrative assistance to be given to them As amended by Law No 6960 June 1 1984 Article 114 The Assembly shall be based at the capital of the Republic and the vote of two thirds of the whole membership shall be required to transfer its seat somewhere else or to suspend its sessions for a specific period Article 115 The Assembly shall elect its Directorate at the beginning of each legislative period The President and the Vice President must fulfill the same conditions required to be President of the Republic The President of the Assembly shall take an oath before the Assembly and the representatives before the President Article 116 The Legislative Assembly shall meet each year on the first day of May even if it has not been convoked and its regular session term shall last six months divided into two periods from the first day of May to the thirty first day of July and from the first day of September to the thirtieth day of November One Legislative Period includes all regular and extraordinary sessions held between the first day of May and the next thirtieth day of April Article 117 The Assembly may not hold its sessions unless they are attended by two thirds of the total membership If it is impossible to initiate a session on the scheduled day or if after opening it it cannot continue due to lack of a quorum the attending members present shall urge the absent members to attend under penalty of the sanctions established by the Regulations for their attendance and the Assembly shall open or continue its sessions when attended by the required number of members Sessions shall be public unless for very special reasons of general convenience it is resolved to make them secret by vote of not less than two thirds of the attending representatives Article 118 The Executive Branch may convoke the Legislative Assembly to extraordinary sessions No issues other than those stated in the decree of convocation may be discussed except for the appointment of officials when incumbent upon the Assembly or any legal amendments that may be essential to act upon issues submitted to its consideration Article 119 The resolutions of the Assembly shall be adopted by the absolute majority vote of the attending representatives except in those cases in which this Constitution requires a qualified majority Article 120 The Executive Branch shall place at the disposal of the Legislative Assembly such police force as the President of the Assembly may request Chapter II Powers of the Legislative Assembly Article 121 In addition to other powers vested in it by this Constitution the Legislative Assembly has exclusive powers to 1 Enact amend repeal and give an authentic interpretation to the laws except as otherwise provided in the chapter referring to the Supreme Electoral Tribunal 2 Designate the premises to be used for its sessions open and close the sessions and suspend or continue them when so is decided by the Assembly 3 Appoint the regular and alternate justices of the Supreme Court of Justice 4 Approve or disapprove international conventions public treaties and concordats Public treaties and international conventions which confer or transfer certain powers to a community legal order for the purpose of achieving common regional objectives shall require the approval of the Legislative Assembly by a vote of not less than two thirds of its entire membership Lesser rank protocols derived from public treaties or international conventions approved by the Assembly when these instruments expressly authorize such Protocols shall not required the legislative approval As amended by Law No 4123 May 31 1968 5 Give or withhold its consent to the entrance of foreign troops into the national territory and for the stay of warships at ports or airfields 6 Authorize the Executive Branch to declare a state of national defense and to reach peace agreements 7 Suspend by vote of no less than two thirds of its entire membership in case of clear public need the individual rights and guarantees conferred by Articles 22 23 24 26 28 29 30 and 37 of this Constitution This suspension may include all or certain rights and guarantees throughout the territory or only in a part of it and for no more than thirty days During the suspension and with respect to persons the Executive Branch may order their detention only in establishments not used for common criminals or may order their confinement to inhabited places It must also report to the Legislative Assembly at its next meeting any measures taken to safeguard public order or maintain the security of the State In no case may individual rights and guarantees not listed in this subsection be suspended 8 Take the legal oath and receive the resignation of members of the Supreme Branches with the exception of Cabinet Ministers settle any doubts that may arise as to the lack of physical or mental capacity of the person exercising the Presidency of the Republic and decide whether to call in his legal substitute to take office 9 Admit or refuse any impeachment made against the person exercising the Presidency of the Republic the Vice Presidents members of the Supreme Branches and Diplomatic Ministers declaring by a vote of two thirds of the entire Assembly whether or not there are grounds for legal action against them placing them if there are at the disposition of the Supreme Court of Justice for prosecution thereof 10 Order the suspension of any officials mentioned in the preceding subsection if they are to be prosecuted for common crimes 11 Fix the regular and extraordinary budgets of the Republic 12 Appoint the Comptroller General and the Assistant Comptroller General of the Republic 13 Impose taxes and national contributions and authorize Municipal taxes 14 Order the disposal or the application to public use of property that belongs to the Nation The following property may not be permanently removed from State ownership a Any power that may be obtained from public waters within the national territory b Deposits of coal wells and deposits of oil and any other hydrocarbons as well as any deposits of radioactive minerals existing within the national territory c Wireless services Property mentioned in subsections a b and c above may be exploited only by the public administration or by private parties in accordance with the law or under a special concession granted for a limited time and on the basis of conditions and stipulations to be established by the Legislative Assembly National railroads docks and airports the latter while in use may not be sold leased or encumbered directly or indirectly or be otherwise removed from State ownership and control 15 Approve or disapprove loans or similar agreements affecting public credit entered into by the Executive Branch In order to subscribe agreements for loans abroad or within the country but financed with foreign capital it is necessary that the respective project be approved by the vote of two thirds of the entire membership of the Legislative Assembly As amended by Law No 4123 May 31 1968 16 Bestow honorary citizenship for distinguished services rendered to the Republic and decree honors to the memory of persons whose eminent activities may have made them worthy of such a distinction 17 Determine the law of the unit of currency and enact laws on currency credit weights and measures For the purpose of determining the law of the unit of currency the Assembly shall previously hear the opinion of the technical body in charge of monetary regulation 18 Promote the progress of sciences and arts and ensure to authors and inventors for a limited time ownership of their respective works or inventions 19 Create establishments for teaching and advancement of sciences and arts allocating revenues for their support and endeavoring particularly to make elementary education general 20 Create the Courts of Justice and other entities for the national service 21 By a vote of no less than two thirds of the entire membership grant general amnesties and pardons for political crimes except electoral offenses for which there shall be no mercy 22 Adopt Regulations for its own functioning which after being adopted may not be amended except by a vote of no less than two thirds of the entire membership 23 Appoint commissions from within its membership to investigate any matter entrusted to them by the Assembly and submit the appropriate report Such Commissions shall have free access to all official agencies to conduct their investigations and collect any data they may deem necessary They may receive any kind of evidence and summon before them any person for purposes of interrogation 24 Formulate questions to Cabinet Ministers and in addition by a vote of two thirds of the attending representatives censure such officials if in the opinion of the Assembly they are guilty of illegal or unconstitutional acts or serious errors that have caused or may cause evident damages to the public interest Matters under diplomatic negotiation or concerning pending military operations are excepted in both cases Article 122 The Assembly is prohibited to give votes of applause for official acts or to recognize at the expense of the Public Treasury obligations which have not been previously declared as such by the Judicial Branch or accepted by the Executive Branch or to grant scholarships pensions retirement annuities or rewards Chapter III Enactment of Laws Article 123 During regular sessions the initiative for enactment of laws can be taken by any member of the Legislative Assembly or by the Executive Branch through the Cabinet Ministers Article 124 In order to become a law every bill of law shall be the subject matter of two debates each on a different non consecutive day obtain the approval of the Assembly and the sanction of the Executive Branch and be published in the Official Journal without prejudice of the requirements established by this Constitution for special cases Action taken exercising the powers listed in sections 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 16 21 22 23 and 24 of Article 121 do not have the status of laws and therefore do not require the foregoing procedure they shall be voted at a single session and then published in the Official Journal The Legislative Assembly can delegate upon permanent commissions the cognizance and passing of bills of law However the Assembly can remove from them at any time the debate or the vote of bills of law subject matter of delegation Delegation does not proceed in the case of bills of law concerning electoral matters the creation of national taxes or the modification of existing taxes the exercise of the powers foreseen in sections 4 11 14 15 and 17 of Article 121 of the Political Constitution the calling of a Constitutional Assembly for any purpose and a partial amendment to the Political Constitution The Assembly shall appoint said permanent commissions with full legislative powers in such way that their composition may reflect on a proportional basis the number of representatives of the constituent political parties Delegation shall be approved by a majority of two thirds of the total membership of the Assembly and the removal by absolute majority of the attending representatives The Regulations of the Assembly shall regulate the number of these commissions and other conditions for delegation and removal as well as the procedures to be applied in these cases Legislative approval of contracts agreements and other acts of an administrative nature does not vest in such acts the character of laws even if such approval is given through the regular procedure for enactment of laws As amended by Article 1 Law No 7347 July 1 1993 Article 125 If the Executive Branch does not approve a bill of law passed by the Assembly it shall veto it and return it with pertinent objections A veto may not be used for the bill of law that contains the Regular Budget of the Republic Article 126 Within ten business days following the date on which a bill of law passed by the Legislative Assembly is received the Executive Branch may object to it as inappropriate or in need of amendments in the latter case the Executive Branch shall propose such amendments when returning the bill of law If the Executive Branch does not object to a bill of law within said term it shall approve and publish it Article 127 When a bill of law is reconsidered by the Assembly with the observations of the Executive Branch if the Assembly rejects them and the bill of law is again passed by a vote of two thirds of the total membership it is thereby sanctioned and must be enforced as a law of the Republic If the proposed amendments are adopted the bill of law shall be returned to the Executive Branch which may not refuse to sanction it If they are rejected and the bill of law is not approved by a vote of two thirds it shall be filed and may not be considered until the next legislative period Article 128 If the veto is based on grounds of unconstitutionality not accepted by the Assembly it shall submit the bill to the Chamber indicated in Article 10 to decide upon the issue within the following thirty calendar days following receipt of the record The provisions declared to be unconstitutional shall be considered rejected and the others shall be submitted to the Assembly for the appropriate proceedings The same shall be done with a bill of law passed by the Legislative Assembly when the Chamber rules that it does not contain unconstitutional provisions As amended by Law No 7128 August 18 1989 Article 129 Laws are compulsory and effective from the date therein designated if this requirement is missing ten days after publication thereof in the Official Journal No one may claim ignorance of the law except when authorized by the law itself Waiver of laws in general or any special waiver of laws of public interest shall not be effective Acts and agreements against prohibitive laws shall be null and void unless otherwise provided by the law itself A law may not be abrogated or repealed except by a subsequent law and no disuse custom or opposite practice can be claimed against its enforcement Title X The Executive Branch Chapter I The President and the Vice President of the Republic Article 130 The Executive Power is exercised on behalf of the people by the President of the Republic and the Cabinet Ministers in the capacity of subordinate collaborators Article 131 To be President or Vice President of the Republic it is required to be 1 A Costa Rican by birth and a citizen in the exercise of his or her rights 2 A layman or a laywoman 3 Over thirty years old Article 132 The following may not be elected President or Vice President 1 The President who has served as such during any period or a Vice President or whoever has replaced him serving during most of the constitutional term As amended by Law No 4349 July 11 1969 See also the Transitory Provisions 2 A Vice President who has held such status during the twelve months preceding the election and any person who acting as such may have occupied the Presidency for any period during such term 3 Any ancestor or descendant by consanguinity or affinity or sibling of the person occupying the Presidency of the Republic at the time of the election or of any person who has held such office for any period during the six months preceding that date 4 Anyone who has been a Cabinet Minister during the twelve months prior to the date of the election 5 The regular Justices of the Supreme Court of Justice the regular and alternate Justices of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal the Director of the Civil Registry the Directors or Managers of autonomous institutions the Comptroller General of the Republic and the Assistant Comptroller This disqualification includes persons who have held said positions within twelve months before the date of the elections Article 133 The election for President and Vice Presidents shall be held on the first Sunday of February of the year in which these officials are to be elected Article 134 The presidential term shall be four years The actions of public officials and private individuals that violate the principle of alternation in the Presidential office or of free presidential succession as set forth in this Constitution will imply treason to the Republic The liability derived from such actions shall not be subject to any statute of limitations Article 135 There shall be two Vice Presidents of the Republic who shall replace the President during his permanent absence in the order of their nomination During his temporary absence the President may call upon either Vice President to replace him If neither Vice President can fill the temporary or permanent absence of the President the position shall be held by the President of the Legislative Assembly Article 136 The President and the Vice Presidents of the Republic shall take office on the eighth day of May and upon completion of their constitutional term in office their functions shall cease Article 137 The President and the Vice Presidents shall take an oath before the Legislative Assembly but if they cannot do it before the Assembly they shall do so before the Supreme Court of Justice Article 138 The President and Vice Presidents shall be elected simultaneously and by a majority vote that exceeds forty percent of the total number of validly cast votes The candidates for President and Vice Presidents of one party shall appear in a single ticket to the exclusion of any other official to be elected If none of the tickets attains said majority a second popular election shall be held on the first Sunday of April of the same year between the two tickets that received the highest number of votes being elected the one that obtains more votes in the second election If at any election two tickets obtain an equal number of sufficient votes the oldest candidate shall be considered elected as President and the Vice Presidents shall be the candidates in the same ticket Citizens included in a ticket already registered in accordance with the law may not withdraw their candidacy for President or Vice President nor may candidates of the tickets that received the highest number of votes in a first election refrain from running in the second election Chapter II Powers and Duties of the Executive Branch Article 139 The following are the exclusive powers and duties of the occupant of the Presidency of the Republic 1 To freely appoint and remove Cabinet Ministers 2 To represent the Nation in acts of an official nature 3 To hold the supreme command of the law enforcement forces 4 To present to the Legislative Assembly at the beginning of each annual period of sessions a written message concerning the various matters of the Administration and the political situation of the Republic in which he shall also propose any measures he may deem important to the proper conduct of the Government and the progress and wellbeing of the nation 5 Whenever he proposes to go out of the country to previously inform the motives of his trip to the Legislative Assembly As amended this subsection by Law No 7674 of June 17 1997 Article 140 The following are joint powers and duties of the President and the appropriate Cabinet Minister 1 To freely appoint and remove members of the law enforcement forces employees and officials who hold positions of trust and others as determined in very qualified cases by the Civil Service Law 2 To appoint and remove subject to the prior requirements of the Civil Service Law all other employees of their offices 3 To sanction and enact the laws regulate and enforce them and see to their strict compliance 4 During the period of adjournment of the Legislative Assembly to order the suspension of the rights and guarantees to which subsection 7 of Article 121 refers in the same instances and with the same limitations as established therein and to report it immediately to the Assembly A decree of suspension of guarantees is equivalent ipso facto to a call of the Assembly which shall meet within the next forty eight hours If the Assembly does not confirm the measure by a two thirds vote of its entire membership the guarantees shall be considered duly reestablished If the Assembly is unable to meet due to lack of quorum it shall do so the following day with any number of members In this event the decree of the Executive Branch requires the approval by a vote of no less than two thirds of the attending members 5 To exercise the initiative in the enactment of laws and the right of veto 6 To maintain order and tranquillity in the Nation to take such measures as may be necessary to safeguard public liberties 7 To provide for the collection and expenditure of the national revenues according to law 8 To supervise the proper operation of administrative services and agencies 9 To execute and enforce all resolutions and provisions on matters within their jurisdiction entered and issued by the Courts of Justice and electoral organizations at their request 10 To enter into and subscribe agreements public treaties and concordats and enact and execute them following their approval by the Legislative Assembly or by a Constitutional Assembly when such an approval is required by this Constitution Protocols derived from such public treaties or international agreements that do not require legislative approval shall enter into force as soon as they are promulgated by the Executive Branch As amended by Law No 4123 May 31 1968 11 To submit to the Legislative Assembly such reports as it may request in exercise of the powers vested in it 12 To direct the international relations of the Republic 13 To receive Heads of State and diplomatic representatives and admit the Consuls from other nations 14 To convoke the Legislative Assembly for regular and extraordinary sessions 15 To send to the Legislative Assembly the proposed National Budget at the time and in accordance with the requirements set forth in this Constitution 16 To dispose of the law enforcement forces to preserve the order defense and security of the country 17 To issue navigation licenses 18 To issue suitable Regulations for the internal operation of their offices as well as other regulations and ordinances as required for the prompt application of the laws 19 To subscribe the administrative contracts not included in subsection 14 of Article 121 of this Constitution but with the requirement of submitting them to the approval of the Legislative Assembly when they provide for exemption from taxes or duties or when their purpose is the exploitation of public services or the natural wealth or resources of the State NOTE There was a sentence at the end of this paragraph in the original text of this Article which was repealed by Article 2 of Law No 5702 of June 5 1975 The legislative approval of these contracts does not give them the nature of laws nor does it exempt them from being under their legal administrative regime The provisions contained in this subsection are not applicable to the loans or other similar agreements to which subsection 15 of Article 121 refers which are governed by their special rules As added by Article 2 of Law No 5702 June 5 1975 NOTE Article 2 of Law No 5702 of June 5 1975 repealed the final sentence of this subsection which referred to the exception of agreements or contracts governed by special laws known as law contracts This legal concept was suppressed by means of this amendment 20 To comply with any other duties and exercise any other powers vested in them by this Constitution and the laws Chapter III Cabinet Ministers Article 141 There shall be the Cabinet Ministers established by law for the management of the matters pertaining to the Executive Branch One Minister may be

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  • TicoNET Real Estate - Costa Rica - Provinces
    Saint of Costa Rica Irazu Volcano National Park Guayabo National Monument Guanacaste Area 10 140 sq km Capital Liberia Distance from San Jose 281 km Climate Warm average temperature 28 C Altitude 25 mts above sea level Guanacaste is one of the largest but yet one of the least populated provinces of Costa Rica It is primarily known for its cattle production but also for its spectacular Pacific coast beaches Tourist Attractions Santa Rosa National Park Ostional National Wildlife Refuge Rincon de la Vieja National Park Palo Verde National Park Barra Honda National Park Guaitil Chorotega Indian Ceramic The beaches of Ocotal Hermosa Coco Tamarindo Conchal Flamingo are the most popular Heredia Area 2 656 sq km Capital Heredia Distance from San Jose 10 kms Climate Moderate average temperature 23 C Altitude 1 150 meters above sea level Heredia is also very rich in colonial tradition Situated on the Central Mountain Range and extending north towards the border with Nicaragua Heredia is the heartland of Costa Rica s world famous coffee plantations Tourist Attractions Braulio Carrillo National Park Ojo de Agua Monte de la Cruz Barva Volcano National Park Limon Area 9 188 sq km Capital Puerto Limon Distance from San Jose 209 kms Climate Hot humid average temperature 29 C Altitude Sea level When Christopher Columbus discovered Costa Rica in 1502 it was the coastline of Limon that inspired him to name it the Rich Coast Limon has become an important area for fishing enthusiasts looking for Snook and Tarpon Tourist Attractions Tortuguero National Park Cahuita National Park Barra de Colorado Wildlife Refuge Hitoy Cerere Biological Reserve Gandoca Manzanillo Wildlife Refuge The beaches of Puerto Viejo Punta Uva Punta Mona and Manzanillo are the most popular Puntarenas Area 11 276 sq km Capital Puntarenas Distance from San Jose 130

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  • TicoNET Real Estate - Costa Rica Readings
    luxury resort village in Guanacaste 2006 06 01 Wal Mart Costa Rica operations 2006 05 22 St Regis announces ultra luxe resort in Costa Rica 2006 05 11 Costa Rica a new destination for medical care 2006 05 10 ICE in Costa Rica selects Lucent Technologies to deploy VoIP 2006 05 04 Global Crossing to Extend Core Network to Costa Rica 2006 03 18 Costa Rica rides high tech wave 2006 03 15 Wal Mart announces additional Central American investment 2006 03 04 Nobel laureate to lead Costa Rica 2006 01 19 NASA announces new mission in Costa Rica to study atmosphere 2005 12 28 ICT grants concession of Peninsula Papagayo port project 2005 12 16 Continental Airlines launches flights to Costa Rica 2005 10 19 United launches Liberia Costa Rica service 2005 10 01 Spotlight on Costa Rica 2005 09 20 Wal Mart announces Central American investment 2005 08 22 American announces route from Dallas Fort Worth to Liberia Costa Rica 2005 07 18 Continental announces service between Newark and Liberia Costa Rica 2005 05 06 Costa Rica scores two more high tech operations 2005 05 02 Investing in Costa Rica PDF 2005 04 10 The Four Season Resort Costa Rica 2005 02 14 The new outsourcing kid on the block Costa Rica 2005 01 09 A crowded field of contenders vying to be The Next Costa Rica 2005 01 11 Occidental Hotels expands with Grand Papagayo in Costa Rica 2005 01 01 Landowner in Costa Rica says developers will bet on medical tourism 2004 10 24 On the edge in Costa Rica 2004 06 01 Costa Rica The ultimate guide 2004 01 18 Sand and sea to spare in Costa Rica 2004 01 08 Delta adding sixth nonstop flight between Atlanta and Liberia 2004 01 01 Garra de Leon Golf Course to bring environmental stewardship PDF 2003 09 29 American to begin service between Miami and Liberia Costa Rica 2003 09 28 Bridge opens up Costa Rica s scenic Pacific Coast area 2003 08 06 Delta adding service between Atlanta and Liberia Costa Rica 2003 04 10 Amistad bridge opens replaces ferry service 2003 03 22 Costa Rica Country report 2002 12 11 Costa Rica launches ad campaign as a leader in sustainable tourism 2002 11 18 In Costa Rica s cattle country Northwest region resembles Hawaii 2002 10 04 Top cities list San Jose Costa Rica rated number 62 More PDF 2002 10 01 World Investment Report Winner Countries Costa Rica More PDFs 2002 09 20 Delta to bring direct flights to Liberia 2002 07 21 Costa Rica s Samara perfect hideaway 2002 03 07 Melia s Costa Rica golf course in Playa Conchal receives award certification 2001 11 19 Costa Rica launches tourism initiative 2001 08 07 Blockbuster Opens Stores in Costa Rica 2001 07 23 Los Suenos Resort and Marina joins growing list of hotels 2001 07 01 Natural beauty and friendly business climate 2001 04 00 Procter Gamble moved its back office operations to

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  • TicoNET Real Estate - Costa Rica - Regions
    food restaurants along side typical Costa Rican sodas Banks supermarkets and a wide variety of hotels are within easy access Long lines of African Palm will provide company while traveling along the highway next to the coast Their hard red fruit are processed to extract the oil used in the making of raw cosmetic materials and food products In Quepos you can rent boats that will take you to enchanting islands located on deep sea Or you can stay inland and visit Manuel Antonio and enjoy a long night of fun at a local disco dancing to the hot tropical rhythms The Central Valley To most tourists who feel the need for adventure and contact with nature deep inside them Juan Santamaria International Airport is the entrance point to excitement So generally their first contact with this peaceful land is San José the capital of Costa Rica central spot for the main museums of the country and parting point towards experiences that will change your outlook towards life and the way you co exist with nature San Jose sitting at an altitude of 1 149 meters above sea level keeps a mean temperature of about 24 degrees Celsius having only two marked seasons the rainy season and the dry season Things star drying up around November and get wet again as April comes to an end when the rainy or green season begins anew Surrounded by blue green mountains the Central Region is protected by a rich climate of everlasting spring with quick and always unexpected contrasts Ask your travel agency about the one day tours that travel from the Central Valley towards places like Irazú and Poás Volcanoes the impressive Lankaster Gardens for orchid lovers Or maybe an excursion to the torrential waters of the Reventazón River for exciting white water rafting a cruise to the Pacific Islands or a visit to Braulio Carrillo National Park where you will be able to admire nature at its best from the tree tops aboard a funicular The Northern Region While traveling from San Jose to the imposing Northern mountains you ll enjoy beautiful vistas of varied mountain ranges like the Guanacaste and the Tilaran ranges These are separated by the Arenal Dam which is worldwide sought for because of its wonderful windsurfing conditions and the small Coter Lake shaped naturally like a heart From the Nicaraguan borders to the northern lowlands you can find the seductive Guatuso San Carlos and Sarapiqui plains Among the many attractions to this area you will see the Arenal volcano shaped like an almost perfect cone it provides with awesome magma eruption spectacles that resemble the fire works at the carnival contrasting against the dark night sky His next door neighbors are the Chato and Tenorio volcanoes Tenorio is made up of four volcanic cones and twin craters identified as the Montezuma volcano Currently the Geyser activity presents itself on the northwest side of the volcano and they are known as Las Quemadas The Burned A

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